Tuesday, October 23, 2007

10 Architects/Designers

Frank Lloyd Wright

Frank Llyod Wright was born June 8, 1867 and died April 9, 1959. He was one of the world's most influential and well known architects. His architectural career lasted from 1887 until 1959.
When he was a child, Wright spent a lot of time playing with the kindergarten educational blocks forming three-dimensional compisitions. This helped in influencing his approach to design. Many of his buildings are noted for their geometry. Wright never went to high school but he was admitted into the University of Wisconsin in 1885 as a special student. While he was in school part-time he was an apprentice to a local builder and professor of civil engineering. In 1887, Wright left the university and moved to Chicago without receiving a degree from the university. In Chicago he joined the of Joseph Lyman Silsbee but within a year he left there to work for Adler &Sullivan. Frank Lloyd Wright married his first wife, "Kitty," in 1889, built his first home and eventually his studio in Oak Park, Illinois. When Wright left Sullivan he then started his own practice at his home and by 1901 he had completed about 50 projects. Some of his works include: Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio in Illinois, Midway Gardens, Imperial Hotel in Japan, Hollyhock House in California, Fallingwater in Pennsylvania, Price Tower in Oklahoma, Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church in Wisconsin, The Illinois-mile high tower in Chicago, and many many more.

Le Corbusier

Le Corbusier's real name was Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris. He was born October 6, 1887 and died August 27, 1965. He was a Swiss-born architect and a writer. He is most famous for contributions to Modern Architecture. Growing up, Le Corbusier was attracted to visual arts and studied at La-Chaux-de-Fonds Art School. Here he had an architecture teacher, Rene Chapallaz, who largely influenced Le Corbusier's first houses. Some of his works include: Villa Cook in France; Church of Saint-Pierre; National Museum of Western Art in Tokyo, Villa LaRoche, Armee du Salut, Place of the Soviets, United Nations headquarters in NYC, Chapelle Notre Dame du Haut, Ronchamp, France; and many more.

Antonio Gaudi

Antonio Gaudi was a Spanish architect, born June 25, 1852 and died June 10, 1926. He was part of the Art Nouveau movement and was most famous for his unique stle and highly individualistic designs. He was an architecture student at the Escola Tecnica Superior d'Arquitecturea in Barcelona from 1873 to 1877. Some of his major works include Casa Vicens, Palau Gueel, College of the Teresianas, Casa Calvet, Casa Mila, and Park Gueel.

Frank Gehry

Born February 28, 1929. Gehry is a Pritzker Prize winning architect that is based in Los Angeles, California. He was born to a Jewish family in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. He studied at the Los Angeles City College and eventually graduated from the University of Southern California's School or Architecture. He also studied city planning at the Harvard Graduate School of Design for only a year without completing the program. Gehry was a big fan of hockey and designed the trophy for the World Cup of Hockey. Some of his other works include the Easy Edges furniture series, Harper House is Maryland, Gehry Residence, Loyola Law School in California, Santa Monica Place in California, Frederick Weisman Museum of Art in Minnesota, Disney Village in Frace, Guggenheim Museum Bilbao in Spain, Dancing House in Prague, Walt Disney Concert Hall in California, and much more.

Eero Saarinen

Born August 20, 1910 and died September 1, 1961. He was a Finnish American architect and product designer. Saarinen had a close relationship with Charles and Ray Eames and was good friends with Florence Knoll. He studied sculpture at the Academie de la Grande Chaumiere in Paris, France. He also studied architecture at Yale University and finishing his studies in 1934. Some of his works include: CBS building in NY, Washington Dulles International Airpport, Gateway Arch in Missouri, John Deere World Headquarters in Illinois, Milwaukee County War Memorial Center, Jefferson National Expansion Memorial in St. Louis, the Womb Chiar, Grasshopper Lounge Chair and ottoman, side and arm chairs, and the Tulip and Pedestal groups.

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

He was born March 27, 1886 and died August 17, 1969. He is regarded as one of the pioneering masters of modern architecture. He used such materials as industrial steel and plate glass in his designs. He called his buildings "skin and bones" architecture. Mies never received an formal education. Some of his works include: Westmount Square, many residential homes in Germany, New National Gallery in Berlin, Bacardi Office Builiding in Mexico, Barcelona Pavilion in Spain, Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial Library in D.C., IBM Plaza in Chicago, Seagram Building in NYC, Lafayette Park in Michigan, the Barcelona Chair and Brno Chair.


Charles Eames

Eames was born June 17, 1907 and died August 21, 1978. He was an American designer, architect and filmmaker. He worked along with his wife, Ray, and the two were responsible for many of the classic iconic designs of the 20th century. Charles studied architecture at Washington University in St. Louis briefly before he was dismissed because of his strong interest in modern architects. Eliel Saarinen had a great influence on Charles, and Charles began to study architecture at the Cranbrook Academy of Art where he became a teacher and head of the industrial design department. Some of his work includes: Meyer House, Bridge House, Case Study House #8, Eames House,Eames Lounge Chair, La Chaise, Eames Aluminum Side Chair, Eames Eiffel Plastic Side Chair, Eames Sofa Compact, and much more.


Oscar Niemeyer

Neimeyer was born December 15, 1907 and is a Brazilian Architect. He is considered to be one of the most important names in international modern architecture. Niemeyer went into the Escola de Belas Artes where he graduated as an engineer architect in 1934. In 1939, Niemeyer with Lucio Costa designed the Brazilian pavilion at the New York World's Fair. The mayor then presented Niemeyer the keys to the city of New York. Some of his other works include: the Pampulha Complex; Ibirapuera Park, the Copan Apartment building, the JK building. Neimeyer also built his own house in Rio de Janeiro-the House at Canoas. He also built the Niemeyer luxury apartment building in Belo Horizonte.

Richard Meier

Meier was born October 12, 1934. He is a contemporary American architect that is known for his use of the color white. Meier attended Cornell University where he recieved his Bachelor of Architecture degree in 1957. In 1963 he started his own practice in New York. Meier built a lot of his work off that of others, especially Le Corbusier. In 1984 he was awarded the Pritzker Prize. Some of his works include One Grand Army Plaza in Brooklyn, NY; ECM City Tower in Prague; San Jose City Hall in California; Jubilee Church in Rome; Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art in Spain;and High Museum of Art in Atlanta, Georgia.

Arne Jacobsen

Jacobsen was born February 11, 1902 and died March 24, 1971. He was a Danish architect and designer. He has had several architectural achievements that include St. Catherine's College in Oxford, The Radisson SAS Royal Hotel in Copenhagen, the Danish National Bank (Copenhagen), along with several town halls and other buildings in Denmark. Jacobsen has also created a lot of original furniture designs including the Ant Chair, the Swan, and the Egg chair. He is probably most known for his Model 3107 chair, also known as "Number 7 Chair."

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